|Jumping the Broom
||The couple jump over a broom at the end of the ceremony.
||Whoever jumps higher over the broom is supposedly the decision-maker in the household.
|Smashed Plate Clearing
||The guests smash porcelain dishes, which are then cleared up by the bride and groom.
||The smashing wards off evil spirits, and the clearing up proves the couple can deal with any challenge together.
||The bride and groom release two white doves at the end of the ceremony.
||The birds symbolise a loving and successful marriage.
||The groom's mother breaks a white ceramic bell filled with grains when the newlyweds arrive.
||It symbolises that the couple will prosper.
|The Irish Bell
||A bell is rung after reciting the vows.
||The chime of the bell is said to ward off evil spirits.
||Carved wooden ducks or geese are thrown to the bride by her mother-in-law.
||Mandarin ducks mate for life, which is supposed to represent the marriage. The bride is supposed to catch the duck - if she succeeds, her first child will supposedly be a boy. If she fails, a girl.
||The bride and groom sneak out of the wedding during the reception.
||It's good luck if they make it away without getting caught, and good luck to any guests that realise they're gone.
||The groom's best man (called a koubaros) shaves his face, while the other friends help dress him.
||The shaving symbolises the trust between the two men, and the dressing assistance gives them all a role in getting the groom ready.
||Sugar-coated almonds - called "confetti"- are given to wedding guests or the couple. They are also thrown at the couple.
||A tradition dating back to Roman times, the almonds are a thank you to guests representing health and happiness, but are usually replaced by scraps of paper in modern times.
||The couple saw a log together with a two-handle long saw.
||It represents the first obstacle the couple must overcome together.
|Sake-Sharing Ceremony (San-San-Kudo)
||The couple each take three sips from three sake cups, as do their parents.
||It is seen as a formal bonding of the families.
|Breaking the Glass
||A goblet made for the wedding is broken, usually underfoot. Most often it is done by the man.
||There are several interpretations, including a reminder of the destruction of the First Temple of Jerusalem, or to scare off demons.
||The cake has ribbons leading out of it, tied to charms in the middle. One of these is a fake wedding ring.
||If a single lady is served the slice with the ring, they're thought to be the next to get married.
||The eldest unmarried girls from the bride's family steal the groom's shoes, while the groom's family try to recover them. Eventually, the girls ransom them back.
||No one really knows why, but it's very popular and gets the whole family involved.
||The bride wears a silver-and-gold crown which has metal charms hanging from it.
||The clinking of the charms as she moves is said to ward off evil spirits.
|Throwing the Bouquet
||The bride throws her bouquet into a crowd of unmarried women for them to catch.
||The woman who catches the bouquet is supposed to be the next to wed.
|Spitting on the Bride
||The father of the bride spits on her head and chest.
||It's good luck for the bride.
||Chinese brides wear red veils, and a red umbrella is held over their head.
||Red is an important colour in Chinese symbolism, symbolising luck, love, boldness, and wealth.
||Every member of the family is provided with coloured stones unique to them. They add these stones to a bowl that is displayed in the couple's house.
||It's a display to show how the family has "coloured" the couple's life - and to remind the newlyweds of their family.
||To propose, the groom-to-be presents a wreath of whale's teeth ("tabua") to either the bride or her father.
||A tabua is a traditional gift in Fijian culture with high value, often used in the past in negotiations between rival chiefs.
||A "sehra" or form of headdress is worn by the groom. It usually incorporates some sort of veil, often made of flowers or beads.
||The veil protects the groom from the evil eye - as well as adding a sense of pride and prestige.